Support farmers and landowners to restore and manage landscape-scale mosaics of priority habitats so that:
a) all the blanket bog in nationally and internationally important wildlife sites is ‘recovering’, and 50% of the other land in such sites has reached ‘favourable’ condition by 2024. ‘Recovering’ – means the site is being managed in a way that should – over time – lead to it reaching ‘Favourable’ condition. ‘Favourable’ – means the habitats and features are in a healthy state and being managed appropriately.
b) 30% of the priority habitats outside nationally-designated wildlife sites are in good condition by 2024; ‘Priority habitats’ – listed in the Yorkshire Dales Biodiversity Action Plan (2011). ‘Good condition’ – means the habitat has been assessed using either FEP or BEHTA Survey methodology and has ‘passed’ every criteria.
c) a 5-year programme of investment to support nature recovery is delivered through the Tees-Swale: Naturally Connected programme by 2025, and other potential landscape-scale ‘nature recovery areas’ have been identified.
How are we doing on this objective
Progress: (a) 95% of the blanket bog in nationally and internationally important wildlife sites is ‘recovering’, and 42% of the other habitats in such sites has reached ‘favourable’ condition. Both figures are unchanged since 2018.
(b) The 2021 ‘Trends and Status’ reported shows that 19% of priority habitats outside of SSSIs were in ‘good condition’ (a decrease from 22% in 2016).
(c) Led by the North Pennines AONB partnership, the first year of activity through the Tees-Swale: Naturally Connected programme has been completed. Work included the restoration of 13 ha of species-rich grassland; rush management on 7ha of grassland; the creation of 8 scrapes and one wetland site; and the creation of over 1,000 m of new hedgerow. Further landscape-scale recovery areas are being developed in other areas of the Yorkshire Dales National Park.
Press Releases & related articles:
16 August 2021 – Kicking to see what’s alive: wildlife surveys carried out
30 March 2021 – Nature recovery work ‘accelerating’
7 September 2020 – ‘Rewilding’
23 July 2020 – National Lottery funds Tees Swale Project
Rationale: The 57,000 ha of nationally and internationally designated wildlife sites form the heart of the most coherent network of semi-natural habitats left in England. Only 30% are currently in favourable condition, although almost all are being actively managed or restored. The biggest challenge relates to the 24,000 ha of internationally-designated blanket bog, which – once degraded – takes many years to reach favourable condition again (see objective D3). There are over 36,000 ha of nationally-important habitats outside of designated sites. Only 22% of these are in good condition. The Government’s 25 Year Environment Plan includes a commitment to develop a ‘Nature Recovery Network’ to link existing protected sites, and creating up to 25 new ‘nature recovery areas’.
Cost over 5 years: £2,500,000 [part c) only]
Funding shortfall: £2,500,000 [part c) only]
Ecosystem services: Biodiversity; Food provision; Pollination; Climate regulation; Water Flow; Soil quality; Regulating pests; Sense of place and inspiration; Recreation; Genetic diversity; Water quality; Soil erosion
Trade-offs: Restoring and managing priority habitats to achieve favourable condition will usually restrict the level of production that might otherwise be achieved from farming. e.g. Counter-intuitively, this can often improve the ‘profitability’ of the farming because, a) the farmer is rewarded through agri-environment scheme payments; b) reducing the intensity of production leads to cuts in costs that are greater than the cuts in income.
Baseline: a) 20,459 ha (95%) of blanket bog is ‘favourable’ or ‘unfavourable recovering at March 2018. 14,973 ha (42%) of other habitats in ‘favourable condition’ at March 2018. b) 22% in good condition (2016 Trends and Status Report). c) No ‘nature recovery areas’.
‘State of the Park’ indicator – YES