Support farmers and landowners to restore and manage landscape-scale mosaics of priority habitats so that:
a) all the blanket bog in nationally and internationally important wildlife sites is ‘recovering’, and 50% of the other land in such sites has reached ‘favourable’ condition by 2024. ‘Recovering’ – means the site is being managed in a way that should – over time – lead to it reaching ‘Favourable’ condition. ‘Favourable’ – means the habitats and features are in a healthy state and being managed appropriately.
b) 30% of the priority habitats outside nationally-designated wildlife sites are in good condition by 2024; ‘Priority habitats’ – listed in the Yorkshire Dales Biodiversity Action Plan (2011). ‘Good condition’ – means the habitat has been assessed using either FEP or BEHTA Survey methodology and has ‘passed’ every criteria.
c) a 5-year programme of investment to support nature recovery is delivered through the Tees-Swale: Naturally Connected programme by 2025, and other potential landscape-scale ‘nature recovery areas’ have been identified.
How the local partners are doing on this objective
Progress: (a) In March 2022, 95% of the blanket bog in nationally and internationally important wildlife sites was classed as ‘recovering’, and 42% of the other habitats in such sites has reached ‘favourable’ condition. Both figures are unchanged since 2018. Figures for 2023 are still awaited.
(b) The Yorkshire Dales Biodiversity Forum’s 2021 Trends and Status Report reported that 19% of priority habitats outside of SSSIs were in ‘good condition’ (a fall from 22% in 2016).
(c) Through the Tees-Swale: Naturally Connected programme, the National Park Authority restored 16 ha of species-rich grassland; created 8 scrapes and one pond to support wading birds; created 47 ha of woodland and wood pasture; and, supported the creation of over 1,800 m of new hedgerow. The programme is funded by the National Lottery Heritage Fund.
Three further landscape-scale recovery projects are being developed in the National Park: the ‘Wild Ingleborough/The Three Dales’ landscape recovery project, led by the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust; the Woodland Trust’s ecological restoration project at Snaizeholme; and, the ‘Cumbria Connect’ project, led by the RSPB.
Press Releases & related articles:
16 August 2021 – Kicking to see what’s alive: wildlife surveys carried out
30 March 2021 – Nature recovery work ‘accelerating’
7 September 2020 – ‘Rewilding’
23 July 2020 – National Lottery funds Tees Swale Project
Rationale: The 57,000 ha of nationally and internationally designated wildlife sites form the heart of the most coherent network of semi-natural habitats left in England. Only 30% are currently in favourable condition, although almost all are being actively managed or restored. The biggest challenge relates to the 24,000 ha of internationally-designated blanket bog, which – once degraded – takes many years to reach favourable condition again (see objective D3). There are over 36,000 ha of nationally-important habitats outside of designated sites. Only 22% of these are in good condition. The Government’s 25 Year Environment Plan includes a commitment to develop a ‘Nature Recovery Network’ to link existing protected sites, and creating up to 25 new ‘nature recovery areas’.
Cost over 5 years: £2,500,000 [part c) only]
Funding shortfall: £2,500,000 [part c) only]
Ecosystem services: Biodiversity; Food provision; Pollination; Climate regulation; Water Flow; Soil quality; Regulating pests; Sense of place and inspiration; Recreation; Genetic diversity; Water quality; Soil erosion
Trade-offs: Restoring and managing priority habitats to achieve favourable condition will usually restrict the level of production that might otherwise be achieved from farming. e.g. Counter-intuitively, this can often improve the ‘profitability’ of the farming because, a) the farmer is rewarded through agri-environment scheme payments; b) reducing the intensity of production leads to cuts in costs that are greater than the cuts in income.
Baseline: a) 20,459 ha (95%) of blanket bog is ‘favourable’ or ‘unfavourable recovering at March 2018. 14,973 ha (42%) of other habitats in ‘favourable condition’ at March 2018. b) 22% in good condition (2016 Trends and Status Report). c) No ‘nature recovery areas’.
‘State of the Park’ indicator – YES